Tsarin kwalliya, waɗanne littattafan littattafai za ku iya buɗewa a cikin mai karanta Amazon?

San fasalin ebook wanda Kindle ɗinku zai iya karantawa

Littafin e-littafi fayil ne na dijital wanda ya ƙunshi littafi ko taken bugawa. Ana kiran shi yawanci ebook, sunan da ya fito daga littafin Turanci na lantarki. Da farko, na'urorin da zasu iya karanta littattafan lantarki sun rude da kalmar ebook kuma idan muka kara wannan yawan adadin abubuwan da suke tattare da tsarin ebook, rudanin ya bayyana. A yanzu haka, mutane ƙalilan ne suka san yadda za su yiwaxanda suke tsare-tsaren da suka dace da Kindle, mai karatun e-littafi wanda mutane da yawa ke ɗauka cewa shine Mafi kyawun eReader.

Ba duk masu karanta e-littafi bane suke iya karanta tsari iri dayaA yadda aka saba, kowane mai sana'anta galibi ya haɗa da tsari ɗaya ko biyu na nasu da ƙarin samfuran da ba na kyauta ba. A cikin wannan tsarin aji na biyu, Epub ya fita dabam, wanda shine tsarin ebook kyauta, txt, pdf ko doc document. Game da nau'ikan nau'ikan tsari na farko, kayan mallakar da manyan masana'antun ke hadawa, yawanci ya dogara ne da kamfanin, amma duk ana samasu ne daga tsarin Epub da suke gyarawa. Sidearin duk wannan shine idan muka sayi littafi daga kantin sayar da littattafai, sai dai idan muna da tsari na kyauta, baza mu iya karanta shi a kan mai karatu daga wata kantin sayar da littattafai ba.

Wadannan raunin galibi galibi a bayyane suke a cikin batun Amazon, wanda masu karanta shi, Kindle, kawai suna karanta wasu adadin littattafan lantarki, wanda, Tsarin hudu sun kasance na Amazon. Wadannan tsarukan sune Tsarin Kindle 7, Tsarin Kindle 8, tsarin mobi da tsarin prc. Wadannan tsare-tsaren ko dai sabuntawa ne kamar su mobi ko Kindle Format 7 ko kuma sun ɗauki mizani, tsarin Epub a matsayin tushen ƙirƙirar waɗannan tsare-tsaren. Misali mai kyau na karshen shine Tsarin Kindle 8. Amma bari muyi la'akari da waɗannan tsarukan.

Tsarin Kindle 7 ko kuma aka sani da AZW

Basali Kindle

Wannan tsarin Kindle shine ingantaccen sigar tsarin mobi. A cikin 2008, Amazon ya sayi kamfanin Mobipocket kuma tare da shi duk haƙƙin mallaka da samfuran kamfanin. Wannan ba shi da yawa amma suna da abin da Amazon ya fi so, haƙƙin mallaka don tsarin ebook, musamman tsarin mobi. Da tsarin mobi yayi ƙoƙarin bin dokokin OpenBook, Tsarin da ya dogara da mizanin gidan yanar gizo na xml. Bayan sayan, Amazon ya dauki sigar, yana mutunta dukkan ka’idoji da yadda yake aiki, kuma ya gabatar da nata DRM, wata manhaja wacce ta takaita amfani da ebook din ga wani asusu ko wata na’ura, don kasuwancin ebook din, wannan shine yadda An haifi Tsarin Kindle 7 ko AZW.

Labari mai dangantaka:
E-littattafai masu arha

Tare da lokaci, Amazon eReaders ya samo asali kuma tare dasu tare da software da kuma sifofin da zasu iya kunna, wannan shine yadda zamu iya ganin Kindle Format 8.

Tsarin Kindle 8 ko AZW3

Juyin Halitta ne na Tsarin Kindle 7, ba ya ƙunshe da tsarin mobi tare da takaddama tare da drm amma wani abu ne daban. Tsarin Kindle 8 ko AZW3 littafi ne wanda yake bin mizanin EPUB3, wanda suka haɗa da drm kuma an haɗe shi zuwa fayil a cikin tsarin AZW ko Kindle Format 7 don ya sami dacewa tare da na'urorin da ke karanta tsohon tsarin. Lokacin da aka ƙirƙiri tsarin mobi da Tsarin Kindle 7, daidaitaccen tsarin epub har yanzu yana da ma'ana kuma yana da ɗan rikicewa, don haka Amazon baiyi ƙarfin gwiwa da wannan tsarin ba har zuwa AZW3. AZW3 baya amfani da ikon HTML5 sosai kamar yadda wasu sabbin alamun basu goyi bayan su kuma wasu waɗanda suka tsufa suna ci gaba da amfani da su. Bugu da kari, ma'aunin CSS3 ba a cika cika shi da shi ba, wasu abubuwa kamar su madaidaicin shimfidar wuri ba su bi CSS3 ba.

Tsarin Kindle Mobi

Kindle

Tare da waɗannan tsare-tsaren Kindle, Kindle eReaders suma suna tallafawa tsarin mobi, kodayake yana wakiltar mafi girman ɓangaren Amazon, wannan tsarin yana ci gaba da kasancewa kuma Amazon yana ci gaba da tallafawa shi a cikin eReaders. Tabbas, kawai tsarin da ba shi da DRM, kamar yadda Amazon ya ƙayyade. Duk da haka Mobi mara DRM yana da matakan kariya da yawa tun lokacin da kamfanin Mobipocket ya kirkireshi ya wakilci tsarin ebook na biyu da suka kirkira.

Labari mai dangantaka:
Shin kuna son sanin tsawon lokacin da za a dauka kafin karanta littafi? Wannan gidan yanar gizon yana gaya muku

PRC

Na farko daga waɗannan tsare-tsaren da Amazon ya saya tare da siyan kamfanin kuma ya watsa wa masu karatu shine tsarin prc. Prc tsari ne mai sauki kwatankwacin tsarin mobi amma ba tare da matakan kariya ba, don haka a halin yanzu duk masu karanta karatun mobi suna iya karanta tsarin prc. Yana da matukar wuya a ga littattafan lantarki a cikin wannan tsarin, aƙalla mafi yawan waɗanda suke yanzu, amma tunda babu sauya fasalin tsari na kundin Kindle, ya zama dole a adana wannan tsohuwar hanyar a cikin masu karatu, aƙalla don karanta tsofaffin littattafan.

Baya ga tsare-tsarensa, Hakanan Kindle yana tallafawa wasu samfuran mallakar waɗanda ba na Amazon ba ko masu lasisi a ƙarƙashin GPL. Daga cikin waɗannan tsare-tsaren, PDF ya yi fice, tsarin fayil wanda ba shi kansa tsarin ebook ba, amma nau'in fayil ne wanda yake aiki sosai don karatu. Pdf na Adobe ne da kuma aƙasshen sa, Portable Document Format, yana nufin mafi kyawun fasalin sa, ɗaukewar sa. Kodayake Adobe shine babban mai haɓaka wannan tsarin, a cikin 2008 ya sake shi kuma ya zama ɓangare na Organizationungiyar forasa ta Duniya don daidaituwa tare da abin da ya zama tsarin buɗewa. Wannan ya sanya tsarin pdf da sauyin aikin sa suna aiki sosai a kan Amazon eReaders, duk da haka girman allo, a halin yanzu bai gaza 9,7 ba ”, ya sa karatu wahala ga wasu mutane. Da farko anyi kokarin warware wannan tare da kirkirar Kindle mafi girma, sanannen Kindle DX, amma wannan eReader ba da daɗewa ba aka watsar dashi don neman wasu hanyoyin kamar canza takaddar pdf zuwa tsarin Epub ko kuma kawai inganta pdf zuwa girman girman allo.

Tsoho da sabo irin

Hakanan Kindle yana da ikon tallafawa tsofaffin tsari, kamar su txt ko Html. Na farkonsu, txt shine tsari mafi sauki wanda yake a duniyar computer. Da yawa daga cikinmu sunyi aiki tare da wannan tsarin, shine tsarin da Windows Notepad ke samarwa, amma a halin yanzu karanta takaddar azaman littafi a cikin wannan tsarin aiki ne mai wahala tunda wannan tsarin bai yarda da zaɓuɓɓukan gyare-gyare na asali ko na rubutun rubutu ba.

Na biyu cikin tsare-tsaren, html, shi ne tsarin da ake amfani da shi a Yanar gizo kuma duk wani mai bincike zai karanta shi. A halin yanzu akwai nau'ikan wannan harshe guda biyar. Kindle eReaders ne kawai ke iya karanta tsarukan farko na farko, na karshe, html5, kawai zai iya gane su ne, tunda daidaituwar ta kwanan nan. Kodayake tsari ne wanda ya fi txt yawa, html ba ingantaccen tsari bane don karanta littattafan lantarki. Karatun wannan tsarin yana bamu damar duba shafukan yanar gizo a kan wutarmu da kuma bi ta wata hanyar burauzar da Amazon ya gabatar a cikin na'urorinsu. Koyaya, wannan ba zai bamu damar karanta takardu waɗanda aka saka a cikin wasu fasahohin yanar gizo kamar walƙiya ko wasu fannoni na javascript ba.

Sabbin masu karanta wuta sun sanya karatun tsarin doc da docxWaɗannan tsare-tsaren ana yin su ne ta hanyar Microsoft Word kuma su ne ainihin madaidaicin littattafan da aka kirkira a cikin txt. Ba kamar txt ba, doc da takaddun docx suna ba mu damar samun ingantaccen littafin da aka tsara don karatu. Amma waɗannan tsarukan biyu ba ana nufin su zama littattafai bane, don haka amfani da su yana da fewan matsaloli a kowane mai karatu. Ofaya daga cikin wayannan matsalolin yana cikin girman fayil. Idan muka kalli girman littattafan tare da sifofin AZW da AZW3, wannan ba shi da girma sosai, yawanci kusan ya wuce megabytes biyu, amma, ebook a doc ko docx format na iya mamaye har sau 3, yana da wahalar sarrafawa da amfani da Kindle.

Injin lantarki na eReaders, ma'ana, Kindle, na iya maimaita hotuna, kodayake ba su da launi, idan ana iya nuna bambancin da canjin yanayin. Wannan a cikin Kindle na baya-bayan nan, wanda ke da sabon fasahar allo na tawada na lantarki da kuma babban ƙuduri, an yaba sosai. Idan abin da muke son gani hotuna ne akan Kindle Fire, ban da abin da ke sama muna da damar ganin hotunan a launi. Tsarin hoto suna da yawa kuma sun bambanta, amma babu Kindle da zai iya karanta duk tsarukan. Abu mai kyau game da wannan shine Amazon ya kula sosai saboda masu karanta shi su iya karanta shahararrun hotunan hotuna. Don haka, sifofin hoton da zai tallafawa sune jpg, png, bmp, gif.

Tsarin ebook wanda Kindle Fire zai iya karantawa

Tsarin Kindle
da Kindle Wuta za a iya la'akari da aji na biyu na masu karanta Kindle kodayake ba wanda ya kira su haka. Yanayin na'urorin gidan Kindle Fire shine na kwamfutar hannu, kodayake software ɗinta yana da kyau sosai, ya dace da duniyar karatu, ta yadda har girman allo na na'urorin da ke akwai, an zaɓi shi don bayarwa mai karatu ya fi samun nutsuwa yayin karantawa.

Wutar Kindle tana dauke da wata sigar Android da kamfanin Amazon na kanta ya kirkira, ana kiran wannan tsarin aikin FireOS. Gabaɗaya, ana iya cewa kasancewar kwamfutar hannu da kuma samun Android, Kindle Fire na iya tallafawa kowane irin tsari, amma Amazon daga ƙirar farko ya sami damar girka kowane app daga Play Store, don haka zamu iya karanta tsarin da Amazon ya gaya mana sai dai idan mun yi lamuran software na Amazon.

Da farko, yayin da muke siyan wutar mu ta Kindle kuma muna kunna ta, za mu iya karanta kowane irin ebook ɗin da muka ambata a sama, amma kuma za mu iya karanta wasu nau'ikan hanyoyin sadarwa da yawa duk da cewa ba su da dangantaka da ebook, za su kasance daga babban taimako don sanin lokacin amfani da littattafan hulɗa.

A cikin 'yan watannin nan, Amazon ya ƙara sabis ɗin mai Sauraro zuwa tsarin halittu. Wannan ya sanya na'urori waɗanda ke da allo wanda ba e-tawada ke iya kunna tsarin sauti ba, musamman ma tsare-tsaren aikace-aikacen da ake ji, wanda aax.

Amazon

Tsarin sauraro yana daya daga cikin sabbin tsare-tsaren da Amazon ya gabatar zuwa ga na'urorinku tare da allo na lcd ko allon launi. Waɗannan na'urori sun fi ƙarfi ƙarfi fiye da eReaders, wanda ke nufin cewa za su iya tallafawa mafi yawan tsare-tsaren, ba waɗanda aka sani da littattafan lantarki kawai ba amma wasu tsare-tsaren da ke ba mu damar yin amfani da bidiyo, sauti da ƙarin binciken yanar gizo.

Daga cikin sifofin bidiyo, mkv da mp4 sun yi fice, kodayake suma sun karanta 3gp da vp8 (webm). A cikin tsarukan sauti, ban da tsarin aax, suma suna iya kunna mp3 file, OGG file, sigar odiyo kyauta wanda zai iya zama kwatankwacin mp3 da fayilolin gargajiya tare da fadada WAV.

Kamar yadda muka fada a baya, zamu iya canza software na Kindle Fire, ko dai ta hanyar ƙara ƙa'idodi tare da apk ko ta hanyar kutsawa kwamfutar hannu. A magana ta biyu, Amazon baya da alhakin garantin, don haka ba a ba da shawarar yin hakan ba don samun karanta ebook a cikin tsarin epub, amma a cikin ta farko, ana iya yin hakan kuma zai bamu damar ƙara sabbin hanyoyin ebook. kamar tsarin Epub. Wutar Kindle dinmu za ta gane wannan idan muka girka aikace-aikace kamar Aldiko ko FbReader. Waɗannan ƙa'idodin ana iya samunsu a cikin shagon Google, a cikin shagon Amazon har ma da gidan yanar gizon sa, don haka samun sa yana da sauƙi kuma girkewa yana da sauƙin aiwatarwa. Da zarar an samo app ɗin, sai mu adana shi a kan kwamfutar hannu sannan mu sanya alama a kan zaɓi "girka daga kafofin da ba a sani ba" wanda zai ba mu damar shigar da duk wata manhaja da muke so.

Waɗannan sune kusan Tsarin kwalliya cewa Amazon eReaders suna goyan baya kuma ina faɗi ƙwarai saboda ba mu shiga cikin cikakkun bayanai na fasaha ba waɗanda zasu rikitar da matsakaita mai karatu wanda kawai yake so ya san ko ana iya karanta littattafan da yake da su a Kindle ko a'a.

Muna fatan cewa da duk wadannan bayanan, kun riga kun bayyana wane irin tsari Kindle ya karanta kodayake idan kuna da tambayoyi, bar mana sharhi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   l0k0 m

    Babu ePub ??
    Babu mai karantawa

  2.   Nacho Morato m

    hahaha, takaita labarai ba ku da abokin takara

  3.   mikij1 m

    Ina da wutar hura wuta kuma babu. Don karantawa ban gamsu ba. Abin mahimmanci, yana da ban mamaki. Zan iya yin awanni ina wasa NBA da kallon bidiyo da yin yawo a ɗan amma karanta littafi ne kuma haske yana damuna sosai. Ban san dalilin karantawa ba idan yana damuna kuma sauran ba yawa bane amma hakane. Don karatu na fi son tawada ta lantarki daga Takaddar takarda.

  4.   Jorge Carlos ne adam wata m

    Ba ku da gaske karanta ePub?
    Cewa Ina so in saya Kindle Paperwhite, saboda na karanta cewa yanzu yana kawo 4GB na sarari. don haka kuna iya sanya ƙarin littattafan lantarki. Wani abokina ya gaya mani cewa zai iya amma ina son wani ya gaya mani idan zai yiwu a karanta ePubs akan Takarda.
    gaisuwa

    1.    Daniela m

      Kamar yadda Victorio ya fada tare da shirin Caliber, zaku iya tafiya daidai daga tsari zuwa wani a cikin ƙasa da minti ɗaya, don haka idan kuna sha'awar Kindle, ba matsala ba ce cewa basu karanta ePub ba. Ina da Takarda kuma duk littattafan da na zazzage suna cikin ePub kuma ban taɓa samun matsalolin da zan iya karantawa a eReader ba saboda na canza su kafin in canza su zuwa AZW3

  5.   Victoria m

    Caliber ya canza kuma ya gyara kowane tsarin littafin dijital, Ina da kwamfutar hannu da ke karanta epub da Kindle da ke karanta AZW3, tare da wannan shirin na tafi daga wannan tsari zuwa wancan ba tare da matsala ba.

    1.    Ma. Josep m

      Barka dai, kawai na saukar da santa kuma ba zan iya canza tsarin zuwa AZW3 ba saboda DRM
      Don Allah, me zan iya yi?

  6.   Jose Pedro m

    Ta amfani da JailBreak da girka CoolReader zaka iya karanta kowane irin tsari da kake so

  7.   Jorge Carlos ne adam wata m

    Daniela da Pedro Jose, na gode sosai da ra'ayoyinku, ina tsammanin a yau na sami Paperwhite, wanda nake makale da na Game of Thrones sannan na je Dune saga, na kasance ina karanta su a cikin ipad amma Na siyar da shi ne don in sayi kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka, don haka zai wahalar da ni daga karanta cinya.
    Pedro Jose, zan iya yin JB tare da sabon sigar takaddar takarda? wata shawara gare shi?
    Godiya ga bayananku

  8.   Zorak m

    Na sami takaddar takarda na tsawon shekaru 2 kuma tana da fa'ida da fa'ida. A matsayin mai sauraro, ya dace da karatu. An gama sosai kuma jin daɗin gaba ɗaya yana da kyau. Wannan ya ce, akwai abubuwan da ba sa tafiya da kyau. Misali, mai binciken gwaji na tsawon lokaci yana da inganci. Ba za a iya zaɓar mai fassara ba, idan kuna son mai fassarar Bing da kyau, idan ba haka ba, dole ne ku haƙura da shi. Hakanan bai haɗa da kowane daga cikin yarukan bakin ciki kamar Catalan, Basque, da sauransu ba.

  9.   Jose Pedro m

    Jorge Carlos, Binciken ta Google, yana da Sauƙi

  10.   Jorge Carlos ne adam wata m

    Na riga na yi shakku tsakanin takarda mai haske da Samsung Note 8.
    Amfani da Bayanin shine cewa yana da ƙarfin aiki kuma yana iya yin wasu abubuwa. Tambayar ita ce yadda take karantawa tare da yanayin karatun ta.

  11.   Marcelo m

    Ina da tambaya… Ina da wani littafi da aka riga aka ɗora shi don amazon, yana da hotuna tsakanin sakin layi (ta amfani da kalma) kuma gaskiyar ita ce, na sami manyan matsaloli don kiyaye su daidaita da matsayin su yadda ya kamata su kasance. Hakanan, lokacin da na loda shi ta hanyar mamaki, ta yadda har na yanke shawarar cire hotunan daga littafin na, wanda ya haifar min da damuwa mai yawa. Za a iya taimaka mani warware ta? Godiya

  12.   Josefa m

    Na fara ne da Kindle kuma litattafan da na saka basa nuna ko'ina. Zan haukace !!!!!!

  13.   Matias m

    Barka dai, zan iya samun Kindle mai ƙarni huɗu. Idan aka ba wannan, Ina so in san ko Tsarin Kindle azw4 ya dace da baya da gaske.
    Ya faru cewa na'urar ƙarni na huɗu tana tallafawa tsarin azw kawai kuma ban sani ba idan tsarin azw3 zaiyi aiki a ciki. na gode

  14.   Jenny m

    Barka dai, na zazzage nau'ikan pc kuma ranar farko da na karanta kuma yayi aiki mai kayatarwa amma kuma baya son farawa, yana nan yana farawa. Me ke faruwa? Abin da zan iya yi. Ina da windows 10 kuma ina da 34 bit da 64 bit caliber. Har ila yau, don karanta epub.